Golden Age of Popular Music

Winter 2014 Course: US Popular Music History

Golden Age of Popular Music

US Popular Music History

Winter 2014

Time:

Tu/Th, 12:30-1:50pm, occasional Friday discussion sections (see schedule)

Location:

Lectures: University Hall 101, Discussion sections: see Caesar

Description:

This course examines the historical significance of popular music in the United States from the late nineteenth century to the present. No formal musical training is necessary to enroll in the course. We will think about how to analyze musical sound as “text.” More crucially, we will focus on the cultural, social, political, and economic dimensions (the “context”) of genres ranging from Tin Pan Alley to blues, jazz, rhythm and blues, country, folk, soul, rock, disco, hip-hop, and classical. Readings include a textbook and selected primary and secondary documents. A listening mix accompanies the textbook and there will be a number of video viewing assignments as well. There will be three short essays in the course and one final paper. Each assignment asks students to develop a clear, compelling, and precise evidence-based argument to explore the relationship between musical sounds and their broader cultural significance.

Instructor:

Dr. Michael J. Kramer, History and American Studies, mjk@northwestern.edu

Office hours: Tuesday, 2-3pm, Harris Hall 212.

Teaching Assistant:

Valeria Almendarez-Jiménez, vpj@u.northwestern.edu

Office hours: Tuesday/Thursday, 2-3pm, Crowe Café.

Books:

  • Larry Starr and Christopher Waterman, American Popular Music: From Minstrelsy to MP3, 4th edition (New York: Oxford University Press, 2014). ISBN: 9780199859115. **Note: be sure to purchase the proper edition and to save the code to download the MP3 audio files from the Oxford University Press website. The MP3 files will also be available over Canvas, accessible on your own computer or any NU computer on campus through https://northwestern.instructure.com/courses/236 and/or http://courses.northwestern.edu.**
  • David Brackett, The Pop, Rock, and Soul Reader, 3rd edition (New York: Oxford University Press, 2013). ISBN: 9780199811700. **Note: be sure to purchase the proper edition.**
  • Additional readings, viewings, listenings on Canvas/Blackboard, https://northwestern.instructure.com/courses/236 or http://courses.northwestern.edu.

Schedule:

WEEK 1                                      
Tu 1/7 Introduction
Reading:

·      Waterman and Starr, American Popular Music (hereafter APM), Ch. 1, 5-44

Optional:

·      Michael J. Kramer, “The Multitrack Model: Cultural History and the Interdisciplinary Study of Popular Music,” in Music and History: Bridging the Disciplines, edited by Jeffrey H. Jackson and Stanley C. Pelkey (University Press of Mississippi, 2005), 220-255.

 

Listening (from APM MP3 tracks):

·      Jean Ritchie, “Barbary Allen”; Gid Tanner and His Skillet Lickers, “Soldier’s Joy”; Tommy Jarrell, “Soldier’s Joy”

·      Dink Roberts, “Coo Coo”

·      Lightning Washington and fellow convicts, “Long John”

·      Mississippi John Hurt, “Stagolee”

·      Carlos Gardel, “La Cumparsita”; Francisco Canaro y Quintero Pirincho, “La Cumparsita”

·      AfroCuba de Mantanzas, “Enique Nigue”

·      Mariachi Vargas de Tecalitlán, “La Negra”

·      Optional: Bob Dylan, Jimi Hendrix, Bobby Womack, Brothers and Sisters Gospel Choir, Bob Dylan and the Band (1974), U2, Grateful Dead, Indigo Girls, Dave Matthews Band, Bryan Ferry, Bob Dylan (Unplugged, 1994), Neil Young, Richie Havens (Grace of the Sun version), Richie Havens (Sings Beatles and Dylan version), Pickin’ in Hendrix, Eddie Vedder and the Million Dollar Bashers, “All Along the Watchtower”

 

Th 1/9 Introduction — The Multitrack Model: Approaches to Popular Music Studies
WEEK 2
Reading:

·      APM, Ch. 2, 45-72.

·      WT Lhamon, “Dancing for Eels at Catherine Market,” in Raising Cain: Blackface Performance from Jim Crow to Hip Hop (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1998), 1-55.

Listening:

·      Thomas Hampson (written by Stephen Foster), “Jeanie With the Light Brown Hair”

·      Joan Morris and William Bolcom, “After the Ball”

Viewing:

·      Stephen Foster.

·      American Experience Stephen Foster website, http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/foster/.

 

Tu 1/14 Jump Jim Crow: The Quandary of the Minstrel Show
Th 1/16 The Empire of Sentimentalism: In the Parlor with Stephen Foster, In the Street with John Philip Sousa
Fr 1/19 Discussion sections.
WEEK 3
This week. Reading:

·      APM, Ch. 3, 73-104, Ch. 4, 104-124.

·      Brackett, The Pop, Rock, Soul Reader (hereafter PRSR),

o   1. Irving Berlin in Tin Pan Alley, Charles Hamm, “Irving Berlin and the Crucible of God”

o   2. Technology, the Dawn of Modern Popular Music, and the “King of Jazz,” Paul Whiteman and Mary Margaret McBride, “On Wax”

o   3. Big Band Swing Music: Race and Power in the Music Business, Marvin Freedman, “Black Music’s on Top; White Jazz Stagnant”

o   Irving Kolodin, “The Dance Band Business: A Study in Black and White”

Listening:

·      Dick Hyman, “Maple Leaf Rag”

·      James Reese Europe, “Castle House Rag”

·      Original Dixieland Band, “Tiger Rag

·      Creole Jazz Band,  “Dipper Mouth Blues”

·      Duke Ellington, “East St. Louis Toodle-oo”

·      Louis Armstrong, “West End Blues”

·      Gene Austin, “My Blue Heaven”

·      Al Jolson, “April Showers”

·      Ben Selvin, “Blue Skies” (Irving Berlin)

·      Josephine Baker, “Blue Skies” (Irving Berlin)

·      Bing Crosby, “Beautiful Dreamer”

·      Paul Whiteman, “Rhapsody in Blue” (George Gershwin)

·      Ethel Merman (written by George Gerswhin), “I Got Rhythm”

 

Tu 1/21 Syncopatin’ Modernity: Jazz In “The Jazz Age”
Th 1/23 Standardization: Tin Pan Alley
WEEK 4
This week. Reading:

·      APM, Ch. 5, 125-154, Ch 6, 155-198.

·      PRSR:

o   5. Hillbilly and Race Music, Crichton, “Thar’s Gold in Them Hillbillies”

o   6. Blues People and the Classic Blues, LeRoi Jones, from Blues People: The Negro Experience in White America and the Music that Developed from It

o   7. The Empress of the Blues, Nat Shapiro and Nat Hentoff, from Hear Me Talkin’ to Ya: The Story of Jazz as Told by the Men Who Made It

o   8. At the Crossroads with Son House, Jerry Gilbert, “Son House: Living King of Delta”

 

Listening:

·      Bessie Smith (with Louis Armstrong, written by WC Handy), “St Louis Blues”

·      Charley Patten, “Tom Rushen Blues”

·      Blind Lemon Jefferson, “That Black Snake Moan”

·      Robert Johnson, “Cross Road Blues”

·      Jimmie Rodgers, “Blue Yodel No. 2,” “Dreaming with Tears in My Eyes”

·      Carter Family, “Gospel Ship”

·      Golden Gate Quartet, “The Sun Didn’t Shine”

·      Fletcher Henderson, “Wrappin’ It Up”

·      Benny Goodman, “Taking a Chance on Love”

·      Duke Ellington, “Caravan”

·      Count Basie, “One O’Clock Jump”

·      Glenn Miller, “In the Mood”

·      Charlie Parker, “A Night in Tunisia”

·      Charlie Parker, “Koko”

·      Dizzy Gillespie, “Salt Peanuts”

·      Dizzy Gillespie, “Manteca”

 

Tu 1/28 Anti-Standardization? Race Records, Hillbilly Music, and the Emergence of the Niche Market
Th 1/30 Swingin’ the Machine: Swing and the 1930s / A Night in Tunisia: Bebop in the 1940s
Mon 2/3, midnight. Assignment 1. Upload to Canvas.
WEEK 5
This week Reading:

·      APM, Ch 7, 199-239

·      Pick five of the following from PRSR:

·      9. From Race Music to Rhythm and Blues: T-Bone Walker, Kevin Sheridan and Peter Sheridan, “T-Bone Walker: Father of the Blues”

·      10. Jumpin’ the Blues with Louis Jordan, Down Beat, “Bands Dug by the Beat: Louis Jordan”, Arnold Shaw, from Honkers and Shouters: The Golden Years of Rhythm and Blues

·      11. On the Bandstand with Johnny Otis, Johnny Otis, from Upside Your Head! Rhythm and Blues on Central Avenue

·      12. The Producers Answer Back: The Emergence of the “Indie” Record Company, Bill Simon , “Indies’ Surprise Survival: Small Labels’; Ingenuity and Skill Pay Off,” Arnold Shaw, from Honkers and Shouters: The Golden Years of Rhythm and Blues

·      13. Country Music as Folk Music, Country Music as Novelty, Billboard, “American Folk Tunes: Cowboy and Hillbilly Tunes and Tunesters”; Newsweek, “Corn of Plenty”

·      14. Country Music Approaches the Mainstream, Rufus Jarman, “Country Music Goes to Town”

·      15. Rhythm and Blues in the Early 1950s: B. B. King, Arnold Shaw, from Honkers and Shouters: The Golden Years of Rhythm and Blues

·      16. “The House that Ruth Brown Built,” Ruth Brown (with Andrew Yule), from Miss Rhythm: The Autobiography of Ruth Brown, Rhythm and Blues Legend

·      17. Ray Charles, or, When Saturday Night Mixed It Up with Sunday Morning, Ray Charles and David Ritz, from Brother Ray: Ray Charles’ Own Story

·      18. Jerry Wexler: A Life in R&B, Jerry Wexler and David Ritz, from Rhythm and the Blues: A Life in American Music

·      19. The Growing Threat of Rhythm and Blues, Variety, “Top Names Now Singing the Blues as Newcomers Roll on R&B Tide,” Variety, “A Warning to the Music Business”

 

Listening:

·      Mills Brothers, “Paper Doll”

·      Roy Acuff, “Great Speckled Bird”

·      Sons of the Pioneers, “Cool Water”

·      Bob Wills and His Texas Playboys, “New San Antonio Rose”

·      Xavier Cugat, “Brazil”

·      Machito and His Afro-Cubans, “Nagüe”

·      Frank Sinatra and the Axel Stordahl, “Nancy (With the Laughing Face)”

·      Nat “King” Cole, “Nature Boy”

·      Perez Prado, “Mambo No. 5”

·      Rosemary Clooney, “Mambo Italiano”

·      Louis Jordan, “Choo Choo Ch’Boogie”

·      Charles Brown and His Band, “Black Night”

·      Muddy Waters, “Hoochie Coochie Man”

·      Ruth Brown, “Mama, He Treats Your Daughter Mean”; Big Mama Thornton, “Hound Dog”

·      Bill Monroe and His Bluegrass Boys, “It’s Mighty Dark to Travel”

·      Hank Thompson, “The Wild Side of Life”; Kitty Wells, “It Wasn’t God Who Made Honky-Tonk Angels”

·      Hank Williams, “I’m So Lonesome I Could Cry”; “Hey, Good Lookin'”

 

Viewing:

Jazz, dir. Ken Burns, Episodes 4-9

Tu 2/4 TBA
Th 2/6 Everybody Eats When They Come to My House: WWII and Postwar Reconfigurations
Fr 2/7 Discussion sections.
WEEK 6
This week. Reading:

·      APM, Ch. 8, 240-341

·      Pick five of the following from PRSR:

o   20. From Rhythm and Blues to Rock ‘n’ Roll: The Songs of Chuck Berry; Norman Jopling, “Chuck Berry: Rock Lives!”

o   21. Little Richard: Boldly Going Where No Man Had Gone Before, Charles White, from The Life and Times of Little Richard: The Quasar of Rock

o   22. Elvis Presley, Sam Phillips, and Rockabilly, Elizabeth Kaye, “Sam Phillips Interview”

o   23. Rock ‘n’ Roll Meets the Popular Press

o   24. The Chicago Defender Defends Rock ‘n’ Roll, Rob Roy, “Bias Against ‘Rock ‘n’ Roll’ Latest Bombshell in Dixie”

o   25. The Music Industry Fight Against Rock ‘n’ Roll: Dick Clark’s Teen-Pop Empire and the Payola Scandal, Peter Bunzel, “Music Biz Goes Round and Round: It Comes Out Clarkola”; New York Age, “Mr. Clark and Colored Payola”

o   26. The Brill Building and the Girl Groups, Charlotte Greig, from Will You Still Love Me Tomorrow? Girl Groups from the 50s On

o   27. From Surf to Smile, Richard Cromelin, “Interview with Brian Wilson”

 

Listening:

·      Big Joe Turner, “Shake, Rattle, Roll”; Bill Haley and His Comets, “Shake, Rattle, and Roll”

·      The Chords, “Sh-Boom”; The Crew Cuts, “Sh-Boom”; Junior Parker, “Mystery Train”; Elvis Presley, “Mystery Train”

·      Chuck Berry, “Maybellene”

·      Little Richard, “Long Tall Sally”

·      Elvis Presley, “Don’t Be Cruel”

·      Ritchie Valens, “La Bamba”

·      The Coasters, “Charlie Brown”

·      The Kingston Trio, “Tom Dooley”

·      The Ronettes (Phil Spector), “Be My Baby; The Crystals, “Uptown”

·      The Temptations, “My Girl”; The Supremes, “You Can’t Hurry Love”

·      The Beach Boys, “Good Vibrations”

 

Tu 2/11 Roll Over Beethoven: The Rise of Rock ‘n’ Roll
Th 2/13 Twistin’: Teenage Symphonies, Hitsville USA, and More from the Early 60s
Mon 2/17, midnight. Assignment 2. Upload to Canvas.
WEEK 7
This week. Reading:

·      AMP, Ch. 10, 322-356

·      Pick five of the following from PRSR:

·      28. Urban Folk Revival, Gene Bluestein, “Songs of the Silent Generation”; Time, “Folk Singing: Sibyl with Guitar”

·      29. Bringing It All Back Home: Dylan at Newport, Irwin Silber, “Newport Folk Festival, 1965,” Paul Nelson, “Newport Folk Festival, 1965”

·      30. “For a Man to Be At Ease, He Must Not Tell All He Knows,

·      Nor Say All He Sees,” John Cohen and Happy Traum, “Bob Dylan Interview”

·      31. From R&B to Soul, Jerry Wexler and David Ritz, from Rhythm and the Blues: A Life in American Music

·      32. No Town Like Motown, Harvey Kubernik, “Berry Gordy: A Conversation with Mr. Motown”

·      33. The Godfather of Soul and the Beginnings of Funk, James Brown (with Bruce Tucker), from The Godfather of Soul

·      34. “The Blues Changes from Day to Day,” Jim Delehant, “Otis Redding Interview”

·      35. Aretha Franklin Earns Respect, Phyl Garland, “Aretha Franklin-‘Sister Soul’: Eclipsed Singer Gains New Heights”

·      36. The Beatles, the “British Invasion,” and Cultural Respectability, William Mann, “What Songs the Beatles Sang . . .,” Theodore Strongin, “Musicologically . . .”

·      37. A Hard Day’s Night and Beatlemania, Andrew Sarris, “Bravo Beatles!,” Barbara Ehrenreich, Elizabeth Hess, and Gloria Jacobs, “Beatlemania: Girls Just Want to Have Fun”

·      38. England Swings, and the Beatles Evolve on Revolver and Sgt. Pepper; Richard Goldstein, “Pop Eye: On ‘Revolver'”; Jack Kroll, “It’s Getting Better . . .”

·      39. The British Art School Blues, Ray Coleman, “Rebels with a Beat”

·      40. The Stones versus the Beatles, Ellen Willis, “Records: Rock, Etc.-the Big Ones”

 

Listening:

·      The Beatles, “Please Please Me”; “A Hard Day’s Night”; “Yesterday”; “Eleanor Rigby”

·      The Rolling Stones, “Satisfaction”

·      Sam Cooke, “You Send Me,” “A Change is Gonna Come”

·      James Brown, “Papa’s Got a Brand New Bag”

·      Aretha Franklin, “Respect”; Otis Redding, “Respect”; The Vagrants, “Respect”

·      Bob Dylan, “Talkin’ New York”; “The Times They are A-Changin'”; “Mr. Tambourine Man”

·      Bob Dylan, “Like a Rolling Stone”

Tu 2/18 Dylan and the Folk Revival; The Beatles and the “British Invasion”
Th 2/20 Respect: Soul and Civil Rights in the Sixties
WEEK 8
This week. Reading:

·      APM, Ch 10, 356-367; Ch 11, 368-407

·      Pick five of the following from PRSR:

o   41. If You’re Goin’ to San Francisco, Ralph J. Gleason, “Dead Like Live Thunder”

o   42. The Kozmic Blues of Janis Joplin, Nat Hentoff, “We Look at Our Parents and . . .”

o   43. Jimi Hendrix and the Electronic Guitar, Bob Dawbarn, “Second Dimension: Jimi Hendrix in Action”

o   44. Rock Meets the Avant-Garde: Frank Zappa, Sally Kempton, “Zappa and the Mothers: Ugly Can Be Beautiful”

o   45. The Aesthetics of Rock, Richard Goldstein, “Pop Eye: Evaluating Media”

o   46. Festivals: The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly, J. R. Young, “Review of Various Artists, Woodstock”, George Paul Csicsery, “Altamont, California, December 6, 1969”

o   47. The Sound of Autobiography: Singer-Songwriters, Carole King, Robert Windeler, “Carole King: ‘You Can Get to Know Me through My Music’

o   48. Joni Mitchell Journeys Within Penny Valentine, “Joni Mitchell: An Interview (part 1)”

o   49. Sly Stone: “The Myth of Staggerlee,” Greil Marcus, from Mystery Train: Images of America in Rock ‘n’ Roll Music

o   50. Not-So-“Little” Stevie Wonder, Ben Fong-Torres, “The Formerly Little Stevie Wonder”

o   52. Heavy Metal Meets the Counterculture, John Mendelsohn, “Review of Led Zeppelin,” Ed Kelleher, “Black Sabbath Don’t Scare Nobody”

o   53. Led Zeppelin Speaks!, Dave Schulps, “The Crunge: Jimmy Page Gives a History Lesson”

o   54. “I Have No Message Whatsoever,” Cameron Crowe, “David Bowie Interview”

o   55. Rock Me Amadeus, Domenic Milano, “Keith Emerson,” Tim Morse, from Yesstories: Yes in Their Own Words

o   57. Get On Up Disco, Andrew Kopkind, “The Dialectic of Disco: Gay Music Goes Straight”

·      Ellen Willis, “Janis Joplin (1970)” in Out of the Vinyl Deeps: Ellen Willis on Rock Music (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2011), pp. 125-131.

 

Listening:

·      The Beatles, “Sgt Pepper’s Lonely Hearts Club Band”

·      The Beatles, “Revolution”

·      The Beatles, “Back in the USSR”

·      The Rolling Stones, “Street Fighting Man”

·      Jefferson Airplane, “White Rabbit”

·      Janis Joplin, “Piece of My Heart”

·      Grateful Dead, “St. Stephen,”; “Turn on Your Love Light”; “Uncle John’s Band”

·      The Doors, “Break on Through”

·      The Temptations, “Cloud Nine”

·      Jimi Hendrix, “Star Spangled Banner” and “Purple Haze” (Live at Woodstock)

·      Cream, “Crossroads”

·      Credence Clearwater Revival, “Fortunate Son”

·      Sly and the Family Stone, “Everyday People”; “Don’t Call Me Nigga, Whitey”

·      Carole King, “It’s Too Late”; Stevie Wonder, “Superstition”; Elton John, “Crocodile Rock”; Barry White, “Love’s Theme”; John Denver, “Thank God I’m a Country Boy”; The Eagles, “Hotel California”

·      Led Zeppelin, “Stairway to Heaven”; Santana, “Oye Como Va”

·      Donna Summer, “Bad Girls”; Chic, “Good Times”

 

Viewing:

·      Woodstock

·      Gimme Shelter

Tu 2/25 Are You Experienced? Rock and the Youth Counterculture
Th 2/27 Mainstream and Margin in the 1970s: AOR, Funk, Punk, Disco, and More
Fr 2/28 Discussion sections.
Mon 3/3, midnight. Assignment 3. Upload to Canvas.
WEEK 9
This week. Reading:

·      APM, Ch 12, 408-444; Ch 13, 445-490; Ch 14, 491-565.

·      Pick five of the following from PRSR:

o   51. Parliament Drops the Bomb, W. A. Brower, “George Clinton: Ultimate Liberator of Constipated Notions”

o   56. The Global Phenomenon of Reggae, Robert Hilburn, “Third-World Theme of Bob Marley”

o   58. Punk: The Sound of Criticism?, James Wolcott, “A Conservative Impulse in the New Rock Underground”

o   59. Punk Crosses the Atlantic, Caroline Coon, “Rebels Against the System”

o   60. Punk to New Wave?, Stephen Holden, “The B-52s’ American Graffiti”

o   61. UK New Wave, Allan Jones, “The Elvis (Costello, That Is) Interview”

o   62. Thriller Begets the “King of Pop”, Greg Tate, “I’m White! What’s Wrong with Michael Jackson”, Daryl Easlea, “Don’t Stop ‘Til You Get Enough: Bruce Swedien Remembers the Times with Michael Jackson”

o   63. Madonna and the Performance of Identity, Camille Paglia, “Venus of the Radio Waves”

o   64. Bruce Springsteen: Reborn in the USA, David Marsh, “Little Egypt from Asbury Park-and Bruce Springsteen Don’t Crawl on His Belly, Neither,” Simon Frith, “The Real Thing-Bruce Springsteen”

o   65. R&B in the 1980s: To Cross Over or Not to Cross Over?, Nelson George, from The Death of Rhythm and Blues

o   66. Heavy Metal Thunders On!, J. D. Considine, “Purity and Power-Total, Unswerving Devotion to Heavy Metal Form: Judas Priest and the Scorpions”

o   67. Metal in the Late Eighties: Glam or Thrash?, Richard Gehr, “Metallica”

o   68. Parents Want to Know: Heavy Metal, the PMRC, and the Public Debate over Decency, “Record Labeling: Hearing before the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation, United States Senate, 99th Congress, September 19, 1985”

o   69. Postpunk Goes Indie, Al Flipside, “What Is This Thing Called Hardcore?”

o   70. Hip-Hop, Don’t Stop, Robert Ford, Jr. , “B-Beats Bombarding Bronx: Mobile DJ Starts Something with Oldie R&B Disks,” Robert Ford, Jr. , “Jive Talking N.Y. DJs Rapping Away in Black Discos”

o   71. “The Music Is a Mirror,” Harry Allen, “Hip Hop Madness: From Def Jams to Cold Lampin’, Rap Is Our Music,” Carol Cooper, “Girls Ain’t Nothin’ but Trouble”

o   72. Where Rap and Heavy Metal Converge, Jon Pareles, “There’s a New Sound in Pop Music: Bigotry”

o   73. Hip-Hop into the 1990s: Gangstas, Fly Girls, and the Big Bling-Bling, J. D. Considine, “Fear of a Rap Planet”

o   74. Nuthin’ but a “G” Thang, Touré, “Snoop Dogg’s Gentle Hip Hop Growl”

o   75. Keeping It a Little Too Real, Sam Gideon Anso and Charles Rappleye, “Rap Sheet”

o   Selwyn Seyfu Hinds, “Party Over,” Natasha Stovall, “Town Criers”

o   76. Women in Rap, Christopher John Farley, “Hip-Hop Nation”

o   77. The Beat Goes On, Renee Graham, “Eminem’s Old Words Aren’t Hip-Hop’s Biggest Problem”

o   78. From Indie to Alternative to Seattle?, Dave DiMartino, “A Seattle Slew”

o   79. Grunge Turns to Scrunge, Eric Weisbard, “Over and Out: Indie Rock Values in the Age of Alternative Million Sellers”

o   80. “We Are the World”?, George Lipsitz, “Immigration and Assimilation: Rai, Reggae, and Bhangramuffin”

o   81. Genre or Gender? The Resurgence of the Singer-Songwriter, Robert L. Doerschuk, “Tori Amos: Pain for Sale”

o   82. Public Policy and Pop Music History Collide

o   Jenny Toomey, “Empire of the Air”

o   83. Electronica Is in the House, Simon Reynolds, “Historia Electronica Preface”

o   84. R&B Divas Go Retro, Ann Powers, “The New Conscience of Pop Music”

o   85. Country in the Post-Urban Cowboy Era, Mark Cooper, “Garth Brooks: Meet Nashville’s New Breed Of Generously Stetsoned Crooner,” Charles Taylor, “Chicks Against the Machine”

o   86. Performance as Simulacrum, Boy Bands, and Other 21st-Century Epiphanies, Joshua Clover, “Jukebox Culture: How I Learned to Stop Worrying and Love the Boy Band,” Nina C. Ayoub, “Idol Pursuits”

o   87. Lady Gaga and the Triumph of Camp, Sasha Frere-Jones, “Ladies Wild: How Not Dumb Is Gaga?”

o   88. The End of History, the Mass-Marketing of Trivia, and a World of Copies without Originals, Jay Babcock, “The Kids Aren’t All Right They’re Amazing,” Robert Everett-Green, “Ruled by Frankenmusic,” Eliot Van Buskirk, “Why File Sharing Will Save Hollywood, Music”

 

Listening:

·      Townes Van Zandt, “Pancho and Lefty”

·      Willie Colon and Ruben Blades, “Pedro Navaja”

·      Sex Pistols, “God Save the Queen”

·      The Clash, “1977”

·      Talking Heads, “Psycho Killer”

·      Grandmaster Flash and the Furious Five, “The Message”

·      The Eurythmics, “Sweet Dreams (Are Made of This)”

·      Tina Turner, “What’s Love Got to Do With It”

·      Van Halen, “Jump”

·      Peter Gabriel, “Sledgehammer”

·      Michael Jackson, “Thriller”

·      Bruce Springsteen, “Born in the USA”

·      Madonna, “Like a Virgin”

·      Prince, “When Doves Cry”

·      U2, “In the Name of Love”

·      Run DMC with Aerosmith, “Walk This Way

·      Public Enemy, “Night of the Living Baseheads”

·      Snoop Doggy Dogg, “What’s My Name?”

·      Queen Latifah, “UNITY”

·      Dead Kennedys, “Holiday in Cambodia”

·      Nirvana, “Smells Like Teen Spirit”

·      Lauryn Hill, “Doo Wop (That Thing)”

·      Radiohead, “Bodysnatchers”

 

Tu 3/4 “Sampling” Recent Pop Music History: Hip-Hop and the Electronic Since 1980
Th 3/6 “Sampling” Recent Pop Music History: Hip-Hop and the Electronic Since 1980 — Catching Up to The Beat: Conclusions
Mon 3/17, midnight. Final assignment. Upload to Canvas.

 

Expectations:

Attendance: Students are expected to attend all lectures and discussion sections. If a student misses more than three meetings, the instructor reserves the right to issue a failing grade.

Reading: This course features roughly 100-150 pages of reading a week in a textbook and additional readings.

Listening/Viewing: Multimedia is an essential part of this course for obvious reasons. Be sure to complete the listening and viewing assignments as well as your readings. In a course on popular music, it would be a shame to privilege reading over other modes of communication, expression, argument, and experience!

Assignments: Students must complete all assignments to pass the course. These are designed to be fun, but they are also demanding—and perhaps for some, frustrating. Please be aware that historical analysis and musical analysis are not a science in the strict sense of the term. There is no purely objective, machine-like way to develop interpretation within the traditions of historical or musical meaning-making. This means there is not some perfectly standardized way to evaluate your work. There is, however, a craft to this mode of thinking, writing, and reasoning. It is that craft that we will use evaluations to help you access, participate in, and improve your abilities. Your task is to develop effective and compelling evidence-based arguments informed by historical awareness and thinking. These will often work by applying your judgment and assessment to consider how things connect or contrast to each other: how do different or similar songs, performers, genres, historical moments, geographic locations, etc., relate to each other? And most importantly, why?

Rather than test the breadth of your absorption of course materials, the assignments test your ability to wield knowledge of US popular music in order to mount effective and compelling evidence-based arguments. If this mode of evaluation is not to your tastes, I recommend that you do not take the course.

Your assignments must be well written in order to communicate a convincing, compelling, and precise argument that is driven by our description and analysis of meaning in materials drawn from the course (and other sources if needed). We evaluate assignments based on the following rubric: (1) presence of an articulated argument, (2) presence of evidence, (3) compelling and precise connection of evidence to argument by comparing and contrasting details and their significance, and (4) logical flow and grace of prose: an effective opening introduction; the presence of clear topic sentences; the presence of effective transitions from one part of the assignment to the next; a compelling conclusion.

If you have any questions about evaluation in the course geared at helping you access and develop the craft of historical and musical analysis, please speak with the instructor or teaching assistants to discuss further.

History Department Writing Center: The History Department Writing Center is available for students working on your assignments. It is not merely for students having difficulty with their writing (we all have difficulty with our writing for it is difficult to write well). It is for students at any level or stage of the writing process: reading evidence, “brainstorming,” generating an argument, connecting argument to evidence, structuring paragraphs and transitions, and improving style and tone. Wen-Qing Ngoie is the History Department Writing Center coordinator. Her office hours are at the Library Cafe (mezz. level) on Mondays and Tuesdays from 11am to 2pm, or by appointment. Students wishing to contact Wen-Qing should email historywriting@northwestern.edu.

Academic Integrity: All Weinberg College and Northwestern policies concerning plagiarism and academic dishonesty are strictly enforced in this course. The instructor also reserves the right to assign a failing grade for the course if a student is found to have violated college or university policy concerning academic integrity. See http://www.weinberg.northwestern.edu/handbook/integrity/ for more details.

Special Needs: Students with special needs and disabilities that have been declared and documented through the Northwestern Office of Services for Students with Disabilities (SSD) should meet with the instructor to discuss any specific accommodations. For further information, see the Office of Services for Students with Disabilities (SSD) website: http://www.northwestern.edu/disability.

Assignments:

Assignment 1.

Due Mon 1/27, midnight.

(1) Write an imitation of a Tin Pan Alley song. You will not be evaluated for the quality of your hit-making songwriting skills, but rather for your explanation of how and why your imitation resembles a Tin Pan Alley standard. Have fun with your imitation, try to pay attention to the themes, styles, rhymes, and tones of the quintessential Tin Pan Alley song. To accompany your Tin Pan Alley imitation, in 500 words or less, explain precisely and compellingly how your lyric relates to the content and context of the Tin Pan Alley song. You might even use the moments when your imitation does not seem accurate to you as opportunities to explain what the Tin Pan Alley song was all about in its time and historic location. Be sure to justify the choices you made in relation to specific examples and aspects of Tin Pan Alley songwriting and its historical context from lecture, textbook, reader, and/or playlist.

Refer to assignment rubric under Expectations section of syllabus for more information and guidelines.

Assignment 2.

Due Mon 2/10, midnight.

(1) You have been asked by a recording label to write the liner notes for a box set revolving around a particular artist, group, producer, record label, etc. whose career took place between 1840 and 1950. Your assignment is to create an analytic essay and annotated track list of up to 1000 words for the box set. The recording company insists that your liner notes must offer a compelling, precise, and clear evidence-based argument as to the historical significance of your profile topic. The executives want to know what their customers can larn about the larger story of US history from studying the story you will tell in your analytic essay and annotated track list of this one particular performer, group, producer, businessperson, or other person from the history of US popular music in this period from 1840 to 1950?

Refer to assignment rubric under Expectations section of syllabus for more information and guidelines. 

Assignment 3.

Due Mon 3/3, midnight.

(1) In 500 words or less, review a live performance of a current musical event by connecting what you experience to a particular theme from the course. If you are unable to attend a live performance, you may review a recording, documentary film about pop music, or a pop music-related movie in connection with a theme from the course. This event can be at Northwestern or in the Chicago area or elsewhere. It can be of any musical genre or style that you find appealing or interesting to explore. But you must develop a compelling, precise, and clear evidence-based argument that explicitly links your review to a theme from the course. What did you learn from the musical experience in relation to US cultural history? What evidence supports your articulation of what you learned? What did you hear? What did you see? Why did it matter?

Refer to assignment rubric under Expectations section of syllabus for more information and guidelines.

Final assignment.

Due Mon 3/17, midnight.

(1) In 2500-3000 words (6-7 pages, double spaced, 12 point font, normal margins), develop an analytic essay on one genre of American popular music. Your essay must focus on the relationship of this genre to larger cultural issues in the United States: what can we learn about US history through the “amplifier” of this genre? How does this genre relate to other genres of American popular music? Which performers or songs or labels, etc., best exemplify the genre and why? Your essay must offer a clear, compelling, and precise argument that is driven by explications of specific evidence. You may draw upon material from the course as well as outside sources that you discover through research.

Refer to assignment rubric under Expectations section of syllabus for more information and guidelines.

Evaluation:

Class and discussion section attendance and participation: 40%.

Assignment 1: 10%

Assignment 2: 15%

Assignment 3: 15%

Final: 20%

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